CANADA PROVINCES PROGRAMS

Provincial Immigration to Canada – Provincial Nominee Program

Canada consists of 10 provinces and 3 territories. All these administrative units are united into a federation of Canada. Canada is one of the most decentralized federal states in the world. This means that each province has a wide range of independence in its policies in different areas. One of these fields is immigration. Provincial immigration to Canada gives provincial governments the right to invite immigrants who can be useful to the province’s economy.

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How many provincial programs do you have in Canada?

Provincial immigration to Canada is done through the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP), but in fact, there are almost 80 different provincial immigration programs. Some provinces, such as Alberta, have only three different streams, while Ontario has ten different active immigration programs. PNP streams are usually designed to attract skilled workers, semi-skilled workers, students and entrepreneurs who may have some connections to the province (relatives living in the province, previous education or work experience in the province) or have skills that are in demand in the province or are on the list of provincial occupations in demand.

It is worth noting that provincial immigration to Canada does not include immigration to Quebec. The federal and Quebec governments have signed the Canada-Quebec Agreement, which gives Quebec exclusive responsibility for choosing immigrants and refugees who still live in their own countries but want to move to the province. Quebec’s immigration powers are broader than those of the provinces.

Provincial immigration to Canada: How does it work?

The basic idea behind nominating a province is to notify the federal government that the province supports the selected candidate as a permanent resident of the province concerned. There are two types of provincial immigration to Canada: programs with a “paper” application (such as the Ontario graduate program) and programs associated with the federal Express Entry Selection System. Paper streams are not linked to Express Entry. It usually takes longer to process yawns in these streams because once you have completed a paper nomination application for a province, you must also complete the federal evaluation stage by sending all the required paper documents by mail. Applications for these streams are processed rather slowly. Provincial Express Entry related streams are processed much faster.

If the flow is associated with Express Entry, a candidate who has received and accepted a Canadian provincial nomination will receive an additional 600 points in their Express Entry profile, which automatically guarantees that they will receive an invitation to apply (ITA) for permanent residence in Canada in the nearest qualifying round.

Nunavut is the only administrative unit in Canada that does not currently have its own provincial immigration program.

In turn, there are also two types of provincial programs related to Express Entry. Some of them work on the principle of the system of expression of interest (Expression of Interest, EOI). Candidates must create a profile in the provincial system and, if invited, submit their documents for inspection of the province. The other type of provincial program selects suitable candidates from the federal Express Entry pool. Within one provincial program there can be both “paper” and online streams, as well as streams with expressions of interest and without the possibility to declare such interest.

Provincial Immigration to Canada: List of All Programs

Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP)

Flow Do you need a job offer? Is Express Entry related? Are applications open?
French-Speaking Skilled Worker No Yes Open
Human Capital Priorities No Yes Open
Skilled Trades No Yes Open
Masters Graduate Stream No No Suspended
Ph.D. Graduate Stream No No Open
Entrepreneur Stream No No Open
Foreign worker stream Yes No Suspended
International Student Stream Yes No Suspended
In-Demand Skills Stream Yes No Open
Ontario Regional Immigration Pilot Yes No Open

Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program (AINP)

Flow Do you need a job offer? Is Express Entry related? Are applications open?
Alberta Opportunity Stream Yes No Open
Alberta Express Entry Stream No Yes Open
Alberta Self-Employed Farmer Stream No No Open
International Graduate Entrepreneur Immigration Stream No No Open
Foreign Graduate Start-up Visa Stream No No Planned for 2021

British Columbia Provincial Nominee Program (BC PNP)

Flow Do you need a job offer? Is Express Entry related? Are applications open?
Skills Immigration Skilled Worker Yes No Open
Skills Immigration Entry Level and Semi-Skilled Worker Yes No Open
Skills Immigration Health Care Professional Yes No Open
Skills Immigration International Graduate Yes No Open
Skills Immigration International Post-Graduate No No Open
Express Entry BC Skilled Worker Yes Yes Open
Express Entry BC Health Care Professional Yes Yes Open
Express Entry BC International Graduate Category Yes Yes Open
Express Entry BC International Post-Graduate Category No Yes Open
Entrepreneur Immigration No No Open
Entrepreneur Immigration – Regional Pilot No No Open

Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program (MPNP)

Flow Do you need a job offer? Is Express Entry related? Are applications open?
Skilled Workers Overseas (SWO) No No Open
Manitoba Express Entry Pathway No Yes Open
Human Capital Pathway No No Planned for 2019
Skilled Workers in Manitoba (SWM) Yes No Open
Manitoba Work Experience Pathway Yes No Planned for 2019
Employer Direct Recruitment Pathway Yes No Planned for 2019
International Education Career Employment Pathway Yes No Open
International EducationGraduate Internship Pathway No No Open
International Student Entrepreneur Pilot No No Open
Entrepreneur Pathway No No Open
Farm Investor Pathway No No Open
Morden Community-Drive Initiative No No Open

New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program (NBPNP)

Flow Do you need a job offer? Is Express Entry related? Are applications open?
New Brunswick Express Entry Labor Market Stream Yes Yes Open
Skilled Worker With Employer Support Stream Yes No Open
Post-Graduate Entrepreneur Stream No No Open
Entrepreneur Stream No No Open

Newfoundland and Labrador Provincial Nominee Program (NLPNP)

Flow Do you need a job offer? Is Express Entry related? Are applications open?
Express Entry Skilled Worker Yes Yes Open
Skilled Worker Category Yes No Open
International Graduate Category Yes No Open
International Graduate Entrepreneur No No Open
International Entrepreneur No No Open
Priority Skills Stream No Yes Planned for January 2021

Nova Scotia Nominee Program (NSNP)

Flow Do you need a job offer? Is Express Entry related? Are applications open?
Nova Scotia Demand: Express Entry Category A Yes Yes Open
Nova Scotia Demand: Express Entry Category B No Yes Closed
Nova Scotia Experience: Express Entry Yes Yes Open
Nova Scotia Labor Market Priorities Stream No Yes Open
Labor Market Priorities for Physicians Yes Yes Open
Skilled Worker Stream Yes No Open
Occupations in Demand Yes No Open
Physician Stream Yes No Open
Entrepreneur Stream No No Open
International Graduate Entrepreneur Stream No No Open

Prince Edward Island Provincial Nominee Program (PEI PNP)

Flow Do you need a job offer? Is Express Entry related? Are applications open?
PEI PNP Express Entry No Yes Open
Skilled Worker outside Canada (Labor Impact) Yes No Open
Skilled Worker in PEI (Labor Impact) Yes No Open
Critical Worker (Labor Impact) Yes No Open
International Graduate (Labor Impact) Yes No Open
Business Work Permit Entrepreneur No No Open

Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program (SINP)

Flow Do you need a job offer? Is Express Entry related? Are applications open?
International Skilled Worker Saskatchewan Express Entry No Yes Open
International Skilled Worker Occupations In-Demand No No Open
International Skilled Worker Employment Offer Yes No Open
Saskatchewan Experience Existing Work Permit Yes No Open
Saskatchewan Experience Health Professionals Yes No Open
Saskatchewan Experience Hospitality Sector Project Yes No Open
Saskatchewan Experience Long Haul Truck Driver Project Yes No Open
Saskatchewan Experience Students Yes No Open
Entrepreneur Stream No No Open
International Graduate Entrepreneur Category No No Open
Farm Owners and Operators Stream No No Open

Northwest Territories Nominee Program (NTNP)

Flow Do you need a job offer? Is Express Entry related? Are applications open?
Northwest Territories Express Entry Yes Yes Open
Northwest Territories Skilled Worker Yes No Open
Northwest Territories Critical Impact Worker Yes No Open
Entrepreneur Business No No Open

Yukon Nominee Program (YNP)

Flow Do you need a job offer? Is Express Entry related? Are applications open?
Yukon Express Entry Yes Yes Open
Yukon Skilled Worker Yes No Open
Yukon Critical Impact Worker Yes No Open
Business Nominee Program No No Open
Yukon Community Pilot Yes ? Scheduled for January 2020

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