Replacing gasoline and diesel with hydrogen is one solution for reducing CO2 emissions on the road. Currently there is a European project to develop this technology.
Today, there are only a few hundred hydrogen-powered vehicles in Europe. Denmark is leading this path. It is the first country to have this infrastructure, and operates twelve 12 stations to provide this service.
“Instead of the battery, there is a cell that reacts with hydrogen and generates electricity and water. It’s a chemical reaction, water comes out of the exhaust system, it’s the only emissions,” says TigesLostsen Jensen, CEO of Hydrogen In Denmark.
The aim of this project is to establish about fifty hydrogen plants in Europe within two years. The number of such vehicles must also double. Compared to battery-powered electric cars, a hydrogen car has some advantages.
“Its driving is very smooth and noisy. It is possible to keep the combustion engine and go to the station to refuel in three to five minutes and drive from 4 to 600 km,” says TigesLostsen Jensen, CEO of Hydrogen Denmark.
The limit of the challenges is the production of “clean” hydrogen, from renewable sources. This technique does exist. In Sheffield, England, this plant is equipped with wind turbines that generate energy to produce on-site hydrogen from electrolysis of water.
Will there be competition between hydrogen cars and battery? According to some, there is enough space on the road for different types of clean vehicles.
“Future compounds will be battery and hydrogen. Currently, there are hybrid hydrogen vehicles on the way.
I think we’ll see the three solutions, but we have to compete first with fossil technologies,” adds TagesLostsen Jensen.
The ambition is to see hundreds of thousands of hydrogen vehicles on European roads within ten years.